The transportation improvement program (TIP) is a listing of all arterial highway, public transit, and other transportation improvement projects proposed to be carried out by State and local governments over the next four years (2017-2020) in the seven county Southeastern Wisconsin Region.
The current program is for the period 2017-2020 and may be found here. The TIP indicates the transportation system improvement priorities of State and local governments in Southeastern Wisconsin by their programming of projects to be undertaken in each of the next four years. Transit, arterial highway, and other improvement projects proposed to be implemented in the next four years with Federal U.S. Department of Transportation funding should be included in this program.
The TIP was compiled by an interagency staff team composed of representatives of the WisDOT, Southeast Region; the Milwaukee County Department of Transportation; the Milwaukee County Transit System; the City of Milwaukee; and the Regional Planning Commission. This staff team was directly involved in preparing the TIP including contacting local engineers, planners, and transit operators within the Region to assure not only participation in, and understanding of, the program development process, but also to assure that all proposed State and local government transportation projects are considered for inclusion in the TIP.
Commission staff reviewed each project proposed to be listed in the TIP for consistency with the adopted year 2050 fiscally constrained transportation plan (FCTP). The Commission staff also compared the total costs of the proposed projects in the TIP to estimates of available Federal, State, and local funding to ensure that available funding sources are adequate to implement the TIP. In addition, the Commission staff conducted an evaluation assessing the impact of the projects programmed in the TIP on minority and low-income populations—both positive and negative—and evaluates whether minority and low-income populations may be expected to receive a proportionate share of TIP benefits, and not receive a disproportionate share of TIP negative impacts.
The TIP is reviewed by the Regional Planning Commission’s Advisory Committees for Transportation System Planning and Programming for the Kenosha, Milwaukee, Racine, Round Lake Beach-McHenry-Grayslake, Illinois-Wisconsin, and West Bend urbanized areas. These committees are comprised of local elected and appointed officials and agency representatives responsible for transportation system improvement, operation, and maintenance within each urbanized area.
The project-by-project listing of the 2017-2020 TIP includes for each project a brief description; estimated costs; estimated levels of Federal, state, and local funding; and the state or local unit of government sponsor responsible for project implementation. The 2017-2020 TIP contains 399 projects representing a total potential investment in transportation improvements and services of $2.64 billion over the next four years. Of this total, $980 million, or about 37.1 percent, is proposed to be provided in Federal aids; $1.26 billion, or about 47.6 percent, in State funds; and $404 million, or about 15.3 percent, in local funds.
About 35.6 percent of the four year 2017-2020 TIP proposed expenditures, or about $941 million, are programmed in 2017, the first year of the TIP (as shown in the graphic below).
- The proportion of financial resources programmed for 2017 to be devoted to the preservation of the existing transportation facilities and services—both highway and transit— is about $430 million, or 45.7 percent in the Region. It should be noted that none of the projects included in the TIP involve routine highway operations and maintenance activities—snowplowing, ice control, grass cutting, and power for traffic control and street lighting.
- The expenditures for highway improvement in 2017 are approximately $352 million, or 37.5 percent of total expenditures. (It should be noted that much of the cost of a highway improvement project is attendant to reconstruction of the existing highway facility. The cost of additional traffic lanes provided may only represent 10 to 20 percent of the total costs of a highway improvement project.) About 83.5 percent or $294 million of the total $352 million of programmed expenditures for highway improvement projects in Southeastern Wisconsin in 2017 is programmed for two projects: the reconstruction of the Zoo Interchange in Milwaukee County and the reconstruction of IH 94 from the Mitchell Interchange to the Wisconsin State line. There are no programmed expenditures for highway expansion projects in 2017.
- About $281 million, or 29.9 percent of total financial resources in 2017 is devoted to public transit projects. Public transit ridership represents about two percent of all person trips made on an average weekday in Southeastern Wisconsin. Of the total year 2017 programmed resources for public transit, $159 million, or 56.5 percent is for preservation, and $8 million, or 2.7 percent, and $115 million, or 40.8 percent for service improvement and service expansion, respectively.
Similar programmed funding patterns exist for the full four years of the 2017-2020 TIP.
To download a copy of the 2017-2020 TIP click here.
The TIP may be amended from time-to-time. This occurs when projects are substantially modified or funding sources substantially change and, in some cases, when new funding sources arise. Amendments also include significant changes in project timing. Amendments to the TIP may occur monthly and are generally noted on the Commission’s website the first or second week of the month. Proposed amendments are reviewed by the five TIP Committees prior to being approved by the Commission. In addition, projects in the TIP can be administratively modified to correct errors or make relatively small changes to project scope, timing, and funding sources. The Commission and the five TIP Committees are not required to approve administrative modifications to the TIP. SEWRPC posts on the right sidebar of this webpage all TIP amendments and modifications.
Listing of Obligated Projects
In an activity related to the TIP, Federal law requires that the MPO post for public access on an annual basis a listing of projects for which the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has obligated funds in the preceding program year. This material may be found listed in the right sidebar of this webpage.
National Performance Management Framework
The Federal Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) of 2012 created a national performance management framework to establish a consistent nationwide process for monitoring the effectiveness of Federal transportation investments. This framework was continued in the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act of 2015. As part of the framework, the Commission has established regionwide targets for the transit asset management performance measures and highway safety-related performance measures. The Commission prepared a document (Appendix I) that describes how the TIP promotes the achievement of these performance targets. In addition, the appendix includes a description as to how the programmed projects contribute towards achieving the performance goals of VISION 2050, the regional land use and transportation plan. Appendix I was made available for public comment and was reviewed and approved by the five TIP Committees and the Commission for inclusion into the 2017-2020 TIP.